A comprehensive overview of the SXR instrument is published in
Review of Scientific Instrument, 83, 043107 (2012).
The optical design and monochromator performance are published in
Review of Scientific Instruments, 82, 093104 (2011).
Transmission Sample System
The transmission sample system (TSS) may be used to introduce transmission samples upstream of the monochromator. It is used for calibrating the wavelength selection of the monochromator but is also available to users for experiments. As shown, the TSS has a single manipulator attached for sample insertion. The TSS can be used to measure the pulse arrival time by measuring the X-ray to optical cross correlation.
Gas Monitor Detector
The gas monitor detector is located after the exit slit for the monochromator and can provide shot to shot measurements of the number of photons in each pulse from 5 μJ to 5 mJ with 4-6% absolute uncertainty. The detection system uses rare gas ionization and was developed at DESY.
Two elliptically bent mirrors will be used to image the FEL beam into the experimental chamber. Dynamically bent mirrors can be adjusted to focus the beam into an arbitrary position in the end station to effectively change the focal spot on the sample, depending upon the experimental requirements.
A flyover view of the SXR instrument.