LCLS features seven specialized instrument hutches, each with a dedicated team of scientists and support staff, to conduct pioneering research and assist users with experiments. Each hutch is equipped with a suite of instruments to assist in gathering a wide range of data using various specialized techniques, from telltale signatures of electrons and ions to the intricate patterns left by crystallized samples struck by the X-ray laser.
Near Experimental Hall Hutches
Hutch 1.1 — TMO: Time-resolved AMO
The TMO instrument is situated on one of the newly installed soft X-ray lines at LCLS. It delivers intense ultra-short X-rays pulses from the FEL using state-of-the-art variable gap soft X-ray undulators. These ultra-intense, ultra-short pulses enable the TMO instrument to support many fields of AMO science ranging from strong-field physics, nonlinear dynamics, charged particle spectroscopies, and attosecond to few femtosecond science cases.
TMO Home | Science Drivers | Early Science | Experimental Methods | Layout | Specifications | Capabilities
Hutch 2.2 — chemRIXS/qRIXS
The ChemRIXS instrument is a new endstation targeting studies of samples in solution using both tunable monochromatic soft x-rays and optical laser (OPA) pulses. It is designed with emphasis on highly time-resolved soft X-ray spectroscopy experiments on liquid samples. A range of rapid XAS and direct beam detection experiments are capable of being carried out.
ChemRIXS Home | Science Drivers | Experimental Methods | Layout | Capabilities
Hutch 1.3 — XPP: X-ray Pump Probe
The XPP instrument predominantly uses a fast optical laser to generate transient states of matter, and the hard X-ray pulse from the LCLS to probe the structural dynamics initiated by the laser excitation.
XPP Home | Overview | Specifications | Schematic | Components | Standard Configurations | Publications | User Resources | User Wiki
Far Experimental Hall Hutches (Hard X-ray)
Hutch 4 — XCS: X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy
The XCS instrument observes dynamical changes of large groups of atoms in condensed matter systems over a wide range of time scales.
XCS Home | Overview | Operation Modes | Specifications | Schematic | Components | Standard Configurations | Publications
Hutch 4.5 — MFX: Macromolecular Femtosecond Crystallography
The MFX instrument primarily makes use of the ability for short pulses of X-rays to limit damage to samples during the exposure. This allows for example the study of metal-containing macromolecules which are particularly sensitive to radiation damage due to the high absorption of X-rays by the metal atoms.
MFX Home | Overview | Specifications | Standard Configurations | Publications
Hutch 5 — CXI: Coherent X-ray Imaging
The CXI instrument takes advantage of the extremely bright, ultrashort LCLS pulses of hard X-rays to allow imaging of non-periodic nanoscale objects, including single or small clusters of biomolecules at or near atomic resolution.
CXI Home | Overview | Specifications | Schematic | Components | Standard Configurations | Publications | User Resources
Hutch 6 — MEC: Matter in Extreme Conditions
The MEC instrument observes matter at temperatures exceeding 10,000 Kelvin and at pressures 10 million times the earth's atmospheric pressure at sea-level, enabling unprecedented understanding of exotic states of matter.
MEC Home | Overview | Specifications | Schematic | Components | XRD Platform | Laser Characteristics | Data Analysis | VISAR Analysis | Standard Configurations | Publications
LCLS-II Instruments (L2SI)
LCLS-II will be a transformative tool for energy science, qualitatively changing the way that X-ray imaging, scattering and spectroscopy can be used to study how natural and artificial systems function. It will enable new ways to capture rare chemical events, characterize fluctuating heterogeneous complexes, and reveal quantum phenomena in matter, using nonlinear, multidimensional and coherent X-ray techniques that are possible only with X-ray lasers. This facility will operate in a soft X-ray range (250 eV to 1.5 keV), and will use seeding technologies to provide fully coherent X-rays in a uniformly spaced series of pulses with programmable repetition rate and rapidly tunable photon energies.